What is pharyngitis and how is it treated
Pharyngitis is a very common disease in children, especially in preschool children. Learn what pharyngitis is and how it is treated.
Pharyngitis is one of the most common infectious diseases. Children who spend time in a group, where the disease is easily transmitted from a sick to a healthy child, are especially vulnerable. But what exactly is pharyngitis?
Pharyngitis is an inflammation of the lining of the throat. It is caused by various microbes. It can be viral or bacterial. Bacterial pharyngitis must be treated with antibiotic therapy.
However, viruses are much more likely to cause upper respiratory tract infections. As research has shown, as many as 85% of such infections are caused by viruses, not bacteria.
Nevertheless, a European study on antibiotic consumption (ESAC Project) shows that 80% of all antibiotics are given to treat upper respiratory tract infections, which means that about 65% of all antibiotics are prescribed for a viral infection.
The most important viral causes of pharyngitis are rhinoviruses, adenoviruses, herpes simplex viruses, parainfluenza, influenza and corona viruses.
Common symptoms of pharyngitis in children are scratchy and sore throat, loss of appetite. They usually occur in combination with other symptoms of a viral respiratory infection – cough, sneezing and fever.
Diagnosis and treatment
Making the right diagnosis is very important, especially determining the cause of the infection, i.e. whether the pharyngitis is viral or bacterial. Sometimes the clinical finding is not enough, so biochemical analyzes and a throat swab are necessary.
Proper diagnosis allows you to avoid unnecessary use of antibiotics.
If the doctor determines that the pharyngitis is of viral origin, rest, increased fluid intake and the use of natural remedies the effect of which on viruses is clinically proven are recommended.
Viranto Forte and Viranto are natural remedies intended for the treatment of viral infections of the upper respiratory tract. They have been clinically proven to be effective in pharyngitis as well.
Because it has been shown to have a strong antiviral effect before the virus enters the cell by blocking the virus from binding to cell receptors, it is recommended to use it as early as possible, preferably within the first two hours of the onset of symptoms of infection.