During the first six months, the baby’s vision develops rapidly, which is logical given the fact that its development is closely related to brain development during this period. As the brain matures, so does the visual development in children.
What affects visual development
The eye is a complex organ the development of which is
influenced by numerous factors. These factors may come from the external
environment, but may also be internal, that is, may be related to the supply of
the baby’s body with nutrients.
Very important nutrients when it comes to normal visual
development, visual acuity and eye function are DHA, omega-3 fatty acids.
The retina is made up of nerve tissues. It is the
deepest layer in the human eye, which is photosensitive. The retina responds to
the rays of light entering the eye and its role in the visual system is of
utmost importance. All the incoming light rays collected in the retina are
transformed and transmitted through the optic nerve to the brain, which
transforms this impulse into an image.
This unique layer of the eye is made up of ten
layers. One of them is photoreceptors. DHA, omega-3 fatty acids exactly, are one of the major building blocks of
Therefore, the supply of DHA is very important,
especially in the first year of life during a period of rapid eye and visual
during the first months
In earliest period, during the first
two to three months of life, the baby will begin to recognize faces. However,
be aware that during this period his or her vision is still blurred. If the
baby is born prematurely, it will take a little more time for the baby to focus
Although one cannot say with certainty to what extent babies are able to
distinguish colors at this earliest period of life, they certainly can
distinguish shades. It is precisely because of the stimulation of visual
development, but of the
well, that when furnishing a baby’s room, priority should be given to furniture
and equipment in contrasting colors and in different patterns.
The baby may see
further and further
After the third month, you will notice that the baby is
slowly starting to follow everything that is happening around. As time goes by,
around the third or fourth month already, the baby will be able to see what is
happening even a few meters away, so he or she can observe events at the
opposite part of the room. So, they begin to see further. This ability will
continue to develop all the way up until the first birthday.
Baby follows with their eyes
After the fourth month, the baby will
be able to follow movements that are faster and to notice the depth. Although
hand-eye coordination still does not allow this, the baby will try to catch
objects moving in front of their eyes. At some point, the baby will succeed,
and over time, it will become easier and more coordinated.
The eyes moving at the same time
Perhaps one of the most exciting moments when it comes to visual
development is the stage when baby’s eyes start moving at the same time,
because that is when the perception of depth develops. The beginning of this
stage is also expected in the period when the baby is 3 to 4 months old.
This momentous event is exciting just because new
changes allow the baby to finally recognize your face much more clearly than he
or she could before.
During the first year, the baby will also begin to notice colors, especially red and green, in addition to shades. It may even find one colour more pleasing than others he or she sees.
And as the baby looks in a fascinated manner at the candle on their first birthday cake, be aware that he or she sees the world around just like the adults in their surrounding singing “Happy birthday to you” at that moment.
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