How black elderberry works on viruses?
As studies have shown over the last few years, black elderberry fruit extract has an amazing effect on viruses.
Specifically, elderberry extract works by preventing the virus from entering the cell, thereby activating the immunity to respond adequately. With its antiviral effect, black elderberry extract blocks the replication of the virus, even after the virus enters the cell at different stages of the viral infection.
The mechanism of the effects of black elderberry on viruses
According to one recent study * published in the American peer-reviewed journal called the Journal of Functional Foods, it has been proven that the components of the black elderberry fruit have a direct effect on the virus in two ways:
- The elderberry extract prevents the virus from binding to the cell.
The components of the extract prevent the virus from binding to the cell in two ways – directly and indirectly.
- Directly – by blocking proteins that the virus uses to “hook onto” the cell, but also those proteins that allow the virus to enter the cell.
- Indirectly – by stimulating the production of certain “cell messengers”, which play a role in coordinating different types of immune cells for the best possible response to virus entry into the body.
2.The elderberry fruit extract prevents the virus from spreading in the cell
Certain components of the elderberry fruit extract have been shown to more effectively prevent the virus from propagating in the cell further. The elderberry fruit extract has been shown to inhibit the enzyme necessary for the propagation of the virus in the cell, and its exit from the cell, in order to spread it further.
With its direct trait, which manifests in the early stages of viral infection, black elderberry blocks key viral proteins responsible for binding to cells but also for entry into host cells. By blocking the viral cycle in the first stages, the chances of the virus stopping are increased.
Black elderberry extract acts indirectly by activating a healthy immune system to produce more inflammatory cytokines, thus allowing a more effective response to the viral infection.
Studies have confirmed the effects of black elderberry
Numerous studies and analyzes have confirmed the healing ability of black elderberry and found that its fruit contains over 40 active ingredients, flavonoids, polyphenols, minerals and vitamins, which combine and successfully fight viral infections.
A little over 20 years ago, a survey was conducted ** during a major influenza epidemic in Panama, the purpose of which was testing the effectiveness of elderberry extract in treating influenza. All subjects had the flu, and were divided into two groups: the first group received the elderberry extract, and the second received a placebo (“sweetened water”).
In the group receiving the extract, the flu lasted a significantly shorter amount of time, and 90% of the subjects experienced significant improvement in their condition after 2 to 3 days after taking the extract. This did not happen in those subjects receiving the placebo. The conclusion was clear – elderberry extract helps cure the flu.
Unripe, raw elderberry fruit is not safe – take care!
It should be noted that elderberries should never be eaten raw because they are toxic and can cause poisoning. They are harvested only when they are fully ripe. By thermal treatment, the toxicity of the berries is completely destroyed, so the preparation and the way in which it is done is very important. Due to the toxicity of the fruit, it is not advised to prepare it yourself, but high quality fruit extracts, produced under controlled conditions, with modern technology are always recommended.
*Golnoosh Torabian, Peter Valtchev, Qayyum Adil, Fariba Dehghani. Anti-influenza activity of elderberry (Sambucus nigra). Journal of Functional Foods, 2019; 54: 353 DOI: 10.1016/j.jff.2019.01.031
**Inhibition of several strains of influenza virus in vitro and reduction of symptoms by an elderberry extract (Sambucus nigra L.) during an outbreak of influenza B Panama. Zakay-Rones Z1, Varsano N, Zlotnik M, Manor O, Regev L, Schlesinger M, Mumcuoglu M.