DHA use from birth
prevention of obesity and cardiovascular diseases
According to the data of the World Health Organization, the increase in obesity in children in Europe is the largest in the Mediterranean countries. Among children aged 6 to 9, depending on gender and country, the percentage of obese children ranges up to 20%.
Presumably, the reason for this is a change in diet. Children are eating less and less natural foods, while industrial foods are present in almost every meal every day. Due to that, the balance of intake of many important nutrients has changed.
The ideal ratio of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acid intake is 1:1. Due to changes in eating habits imposed by industrialization, higher intake of vegetable oils, cereals and meat, there has been a reduced intake of omega-3, which can lead to the development of many diseases.
From the time when people were engaged in hunting and fishing and when the ratio of omega-3 and omega-6 intake was 1:1, through the period in which agriculture dominated (1: 4), we came to the industrial period and the ratio of 1:20 in favor of omega-6.
Reduced intake of omega-3 disturbs the balance, which leads to an increased effect of inflammatory factors in the body, resulting in an increased risk of developing obesity and cardiovascular disease, studies show.
Due to the disturbed balance of omega-3 and omega-6, due to the modern way of eating, the European Food Agency recommends the supplementation of 100 mg of DHA omega-3 fatty acid daily, from birth to the age of 2. From the age of 3, children are recommended a daily supplement of 250 mg of DHA + EPA Omega -3.
Daily intake of 100 mg DHA from birth and then 250 mg EPA + DHA from the age of 2 has been shown to reduce the risk of obesity and cardiovascular disease in later life.