Behavioral disorders – is a child only restless?
Today, parents often ask themselves whether their child is only restless, has lots of energy or there is something else behind it. What is considered hyperactivity?
Today, parents often ask themselves whether their child is only restless, has lots of energy or there is something else behind it. What is considered hyperactivity? Does a child find it difficult to study? Has no enough patience and attention? Or is it something else?
Behavioral disorders are divided into two groups:
Autistic spectrum disorders (ASD)
These are neurodevelopment disorders which last throughout the whole life. Symptoms include restrictive, repetitive behavior, persistent difficulties in social communication and interaction. Global prevalence (frequency) is between 0.76% and 1.46% (22-40 of 10 000 in Europe and USA, 2x more often occurring in boys).
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
ADHD is a frequent neurodevelopment disorder occuring in children, adolescents and adults. The prevalence (frequency) is from 5 to 7%.
Treatment of these disorders involves medical therapy and in case of ASD it is used for alleviation or relief of certain symptoms (high level of energy, inability to focus, depression and seizures). Medical therapy in case of ADHD eliminates symptoms in 50% of cases.
Psychotherapy in both cases typically involves applied behavior analysis (ABA).
PARENTS OFTEN IN DESPAIR REQUEST A“MEDICINE“ FOR THEIR CHILD.
74% of children with ASD receives some kind of complementary and alternative therapy (in relation to 12% of children who do not have these disorders).
Omega – 3 and ASD
Meta-analysis from 2017 which included 6 studies with 194 children showed that supplementation with Omega-3 significantly decreased the following symptoms: hyperactivity, lethargy and stereotypy.
It was also shown that combination of DHA, EPA and Omega-6 fatty acids (GLA) can positively influence concentration, studying and improvement of ADHD symptoms and comorbid conditions such as anxiety/reticence, dyslexia and aggression.
Derbyshire E. Do Omega-3/6 Fatty Acids Have a Therapeutic Role in Children and Young People with ADHD? J Lipids. 2017
Meta-analiza 2017. god: Mazahery H, Stonehouse W, Delshad M, Kruger MC, et al. Relationship between Long Chain n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Autism Spectrum Disorder: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Case-Control and Randomised Controlled Trials. 2017