Today, parents often ask
themselves whether their child is only restless, has lots of energy or there is
something else behind it. What is considered hyperactivity? Does a child find
it difficult to study? Has no enough patience and attention? Or is it something
Behavioral disorders are
divided into two groups:
Autistic spectrum disorders (ASD)
These are neurodevelopment
disorders which last throughout the whole life. Symptoms include restrictive,
repetitive behavior, persistent difficulties in social communication and
interaction. Global prevalence
(frequency) is between 0.76% and 1.46% (22-40 of 10 000 in Europe and USA, 2x
more often occurring in boys).
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
ADHD is a frequent
neurodevelopment disorder occuring in children, adolescents and adults. The
prevalence (frequency) is from 5 to 7%.
Treatment of these disorders
involves medical therapy and in case of ASD it is used for alleviation or relief
of certain symptoms (high level of energy, inability to focus, depression and
seizures). Medical therapy in case of ADHD eliminates symptoms in 50% of cases.
Psychotherapy in both cases
typically involves applied behavior analysis (ABA).
PARENTS OFTEN IN DESPAIR REQUEST A“MEDICINE“ FOR THEIR
74% of children with ASD receives some kind of
complementary and alternative therapy (in relation to 12% of children who do
not have these disorders).
Omega – 3 and ASD
Meta-analysis from 2017 which included 6 studies
with 194 children showed that supplementation with Omega-3 significantly
decreased the following symptoms: hyperactivity, lethargy and stereotypy.
It was also shown that combination of DHA, EPA and
Omega-6 fatty acids (GLA) can positively influence concentration, studying and
improvement of ADHD symptoms and comorbid conditions such as anxiety/reticence,
dyslexia and aggression.
Derbyshire E. Do Omega-3/6
Fatty Acids Have a Therapeutic Role in Children and Young People with ADHD? J
Meta-analiza 2017. god: Mazahery H, Stonehouse W, Delshad M, Kruger MC, et al.
Relationship between Long Chain n-3 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids and Autism
Spectrum Disorder: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Case-Control and
Randomised Controlled Trials. 2017
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